JBuzz Musings August 19, 2013: Mediation fails in conflict over Touro Synagogue, celebrates 250th anniversary

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JEWISH ACADEMIC & UNIVERSITY NEWS

Mediation fails in conflict over Touro Synagogue, celebrates 250th anniversary (Video)

By Bonnie K. Goodman

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Facade of Touro Synagogue (tourosynagogue.org)
The oldest synagogue in the United States, Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island celebrated the building’s 250th anniversary on Aug, 18, 2013. Earlier in the week, after eight months of negotiations America’s two oldest Jewish congregations….READ MORE

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Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun Fire: Damaged Synagogue Is an Architectural Milestone Too

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Source: DAVID W. DUNLAP, NYT,7-13-11
 
DESCRIPTIONDavid W. Dunlap/”From Abyssinian to Zion” (left), David W. Dunlap/The New York Times Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun, 125 East 85th Street, as it appeared in 2002 (left) and on Tuesday.

The fire that roared through Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun on Monday night not only upended an important religious body but also badly damaged a milestone in the development of synagogue architecture. The restrained neo-Classical design speaks of a turning point in the early 1900s when Jews no longer felt bound to incorporate Moorish elements in their places of worship as a way of distinguishing them from Christian churches.

DESCRIPTIONPhotographs by David W. Dunlap/”From Abyssinian to Zion” Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun in 1993.
DESCRIPTION Congregation Shaaray Tefila on the West Side, now a church, inspired the design of Kehilath Jeshurun.

As late as 1893, Arnold W. Brunner — probably the most influential synagogue architect of his time — was still sprinkling Moorish features like cusped arches through his design for Congregation Shaaray Tefila, also known as the West End Synagogue, at 160 West 82nd Street. Within three years, however, Brunner abandoned Eastern influences entirely in designing Congregation Shearith Israel at Central Park West and 70th Street. Given the discovery of Greco-Roman synagogue ruins in Galilee, Brunner argued that neo-Classical design conferred the “sanction of antiquity” on the modern synagogue.

George F. Pelham was the architect of Kehilath Jeshurun’s synagogue at 117 East 85th Street, which followed Shaaray Tefila by nine years and was clearly inspired by it. The two buildings are siblings, if not twins; with four monumental arched windows in their principal facades, framed by wide symmetrical towers. Pelham’s synagogue, however, has no Moorish ornament. If it weren’t for the name “Kehilath Jeshurun” inscribed in Hebrew letters over the door, together with the date of 5662, it would be difficult to identify this structure as a synagogue.

DESCRIPTION Kehilath Jeshurun’s earlier synagogue on East 82nd Street was torn down.

Kehilath Jeshurun was founded in 1872. Before moving to 85th Street, it had a small synagogue at 127 East 82nd Street, which was constructed in 1890. That building stood until a decade ago, when it was torn down and replaced by Congregation Or Zarua. In between the two Jewish congregations, the building had served as the First Waldensian Church. Such turnover is quite common among houses of worship in New York City. Brunner’s Shaaray Tefila synagogue today serves St. Volodymyr’s parish of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. And Temple Shaaray Tefila is a former Trans-Lux theater at 250 East 79th Street.

Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun Fire: Fire Devastates Synagogue Under Repair in Manhattan

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Source: NYT, 7-12-11

Fire Devastates Synagogue Under Repair in Manhattan

Miles Dixon

Firefighters on the 84th Street side of Kehilath Jeshurun, a modern Orthodox synagogue, during the blaze on Monday.

A four-alarm fire broke out Monday night at an Upper East Side synagogue that was being renovated, spitting flames through stained-glass windows, destroying the roof and heavily damaging the upper floors, the Fire Department said.

No one was badly injured in the blaze, which obscured the sky over much of the neighborhood with smoke. Four firefighters received minor injuries battling the blaze, which fire officials said apparently began on the roof. The cause was not known.

Hundreds of people crowded around Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun, a modern Orthodox synagogue on 85th Street near Lexington Avenue, after the fire began about 8:30 p.m.

About 170 firefighters fought the blaze, which took about an hour to bring under control.

Onlookers gaped and snapped pictures with cellphone cameras as flames shot up from the roof.

“It went up like that,” said Stephen L. Ruzow, chairman of the FDNY Foundation and a member of the synagogue, who saw the flames engulf the roof. “Flames were 40 feet in the air, and there were large clouds of thick black smoke.”…READ MORE